Options Trading Strategies

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Option trading

Leading options trading strategies 2021

Regardless of your particular market view, you as a trader would be supported by a number of options trading strategies. When investors seek to shield/magnify their return on an underlying position, options trading strategies prove to be specially efficient. These strategies reward a bit of studying and practice. So without further ado, let’s start!

Opting for an options strategy

You are to ascertain that the options trading strategy you use is in line with your trading plan and market perspective, and in sync with your own risk tolerance. For instance, if your market perspective is out of sync with facts, selling naked put or call options or deploying a covered write strategy has every likelihood of exposing you to an unlimited loss risk.

options trading strategies demand patience. They are correspondingly  rewarding. Learn to correctly lay out your strategies in sync with your own trading plan.  

Pre-expiration unwinding options trade may well concern themselves with extra unexpected costs owing to 

  • Time elapsed since trade initiation, 
  • Dealing spreads, 
  • Implied volatility changes, 
  • Sundry options valuation determinants. 

All the more reason you should decide beforehand if you have the capacity to withstand potential losses. 

Plotting the payoff or the profit & loss (P&L) profile of a specific options trading strategy at its expiration date helps traders understand the rewards and risks associated with that strategy. The Y-axis gives profit or loss, and the X-axis gives the underlying asset levels. In addition, at the strike prices of any of the options the strategy makes use of have strategy plotted profile kinks.

Your eye would get trained enough for you to seize up your options trading strategy, understanding if it would be in sync with the market perspective you hold without challenging your risk tolerance. Then you are all set to go ahead with working the implications of the plotted payoff profiles into your trading plan. 

Leading options trading strategies: a survey

We will be considering 

  • Long call or put
  • Naked short call or put; 
  • Covered write; 
  • Bull/bear spreads.

These can use one or more options with a single expiration date. 

Long call or put 

A long call or put strategy is concerned with just buying the aimed-for option. When holding/shorting a stock, traders may buy options as a way of limiting their downside risk. Thru setting up a worst case price and option initial premium loss a long option position becomes an insurance policy. 

Think of an instance when you have a bullish perspective and therefore purchase one call option on 100 stock shares with A strike price. 

Your downside is restricted to the premium paid in the event of the market declining, even as your upside is possibly without limits in case the market rises. Your breakeven is the same as the option strike price, in addition to the premium paid. 

Reading the diagram, we see that losses are restricted to the initial premium paid below strike price A, even as the point at which the diagonal crosses the X axis is the strategy break even point. 

Naked short call or put 

A short call or put strategy is simply concerned with selling/writing an option naked, with the implication that there’s no underlying stock position. For example, a stock option writer must sell 100 stock shares pertaining to a sold call, or purchase stock shares in the event of a sold put at the strike price of the option anytime – up to and inclusive of the expiration date of the option. 

When your market perspective is bullish/bearish on underlying stock , you may well sell put or call options as a way of accepting premium money. However, if your market perspective is wrong , your possible losses could possibly be without limit, even as your profits are restricted to the premium paid. 

Think of a scenario where you are bearish and have made up your mind to sell 1 call option on 10 stock shares with a strike price of A. your downside is perhaps sans limit in the event of the market plummeting, while in the event of the market surging your upside is restricted to the premium you accepted. Thus, your breakeven is the stock strike price less the premium paid. 

Covered write

In case you have an asset underlying a long/short position, you may sell calls or put options against it. Many go for increasing stock holding income in comparatively stagnant market conditions by selling covered calls, being also called a buy-write strategy. You will have to deliver your underlying position into the option contract. 

In the premium amount you get for options selling, the options strategy buffered any potentially unlimited losses you might take on the underlying position. Not only this, your gains are restricted to the premium you got beyond the options strike price. The covered write strategy has the same payoff profile. 

Considering you sell a call option on 100 stock shares you own. If the stock price surges up to the call strike price, you will be delivering the stock into the exercised call option. Underlying log stock position gains offset any call option losses beyond that point. In case the stock price falls, you will get the call option selling premium, buffering stock position losses. 

Bull/bear spreads

Traders are free to use equal amounts of either call or puts to create bullish/bearish strategies with restricted upside and downside. Both options, in a vertical spread, will have identical underlying assets and expiration dates. 

For instance, a trader holding a moderately bullish view could buy a low strike price call, selling a call at a higher strike price. Relative to purchasing the lower strike price call, the strategy, as mentioned earlier, would imply a diminished net premium. Nevertheless, traders would be unable to profit from an underlying asset appreciation beyond the sold call higher strike price. 

Conclusion 

There are a good number of options trading strategies that maximise returns while limiting risk. Without much effort, traders can instruct themselves on how to benefit from the flexibility and power that stock options stand for. 

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