Formal education has been a significant issue in educational debates for decades. Some scholars argue that education is an essential factor in shaping the class structure. While others posit that it is a necessary progress component. Here we will look at the main theories of education, including Interactionist and Progressivism.
It is important to note that these theories are not mutually exclusive. They both have strengths and weaknesses. We will also explore the implications of each for society.
Today, education is a unified and structured process supported by the state. In most countries, children attend school by a certain age. Public and private schools cater to the needs of different classes. However, formal education also involves society. Listed below are some examples of how culture influences education.
In society, education is not limited to classrooms. Children are also taught practical living skills outside the school system. For example, social networks play an essential role in educating children.
Education is essential for a stable life. People who are well-educated enjoy a social status, a good job, and a wide range of benefits.
Many unspoken rules of society dictate that people get the proper schooling and college education. It means that people will get a stable job and eventually settle down. Education is a powerful tool to develop an individual, and the formal education system must work to promote this ideal.
The study conducted by Halsey et al. found that class differences in education are pronounced, and the gaps widen as students move up the educational scale. At the secondary level, seventy-nine percent of men from professional families attended selective schools, compared to twenty-seven percent of working-class sons.
The main factors influencing educational achievement may not be genetic. Many researchers argue that class differences in education are caused by other societal factors, not necessarily intelligence. Low expectations, a lack of deferred gratification, and economic problems may also contribute to poorer educational outcomes. Nevertheless, many researchers agree that social class affects academic achievement and that class differences are not the result of inferior intelligence. Rather, it is a matter of societal norms.
The Interactionist theory of education and society is based on the notion that human beings give meaning to themselves and the world around them, creating multiple relationships to establish a collective identity. It means that people form relationships through a process of communication. Interactionists believe that this process is dynamic and occurs in various places and situations.
The Interactionist perspective has several benefits:
- Considers the importance of the classroom and other social settings in the development of education policy.
- Does not blame pupils for their lack of knowledge and failure.
- Recognizes the importance of cultural values and social class in a person’s life.
One of the guiding minds behind progressivism is John Dewey. He believed in the power of education to create a better society and encouraged students to be responsible and collaborative. He also advocated the use of hands-on projects and problem-solving activities. Today, many schools practice progressive education and self-identify as such.
As we can learn from free essays and literature sources, progressive education theories began to take shape in the early 19th century. American philosopher John Dewey promoted a theory that places pragmatism above moral absolutes. He published a summary of his theory in the 1897 School Journal, where he outlined his five theoretical standpoints. These viewpoints resulted from the progressive educational theory that he envisioned for education.
We hope you liked our article about education and its role in society!